- Huge areas of forest in Indonesia have already been lost. Only around 30 percent of the pristine Indonesian tropical forests are now remained.
- Similar situation exists in Lombok island; in which of its 141,000Ha of forested lands (30% of the Lombok total land – 465000 Ha), only about 45% percent are well preserved.
- Reforestation is of great importance, as estimates suggest that at the current rate of deforestation, there may be little rainforest left in Indonesia within 100 years.
- With the current facts, efforts to replanting the forest lands or so called with reforestation should be done immediately.
- This should be done by government with full support and involvement of local communities.
- Reforestation usually involves replanting areas of forest which have previously been damaged or destroyed with trees.
- Reforestation could also be done in the conservation areas. This tree planting activity such as those of in protected forests and the forests of the national park is often called with forest enrichment.
- Plantings tree could also be done in the areas of private lands; such an activity in the non forested land is widely named with greening.
- Finally, it is the responsibility of the Indonesian government and local inhabitants to always protect and preserve their forest and land, and if necessary to reforest, enrich, and green it when needed.
- In doing so, the generous helps and involvements of local, national, and international stakeholders including those of individuals, companies, NGOs, governments, and other institutions are badly welcomed.
Reforestation is the natural or intentional restocking of existing forest and woodlands that have been depleted, usually through deforestation. Reforestation can be used to rectify or improve the quality of human life by soaking up pollution and dust from the air, rebuild natural habitats and ecosystems, mitigate global warming since forests facilitate biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide, and harvest for resources, particularly timber,, but also non-timbers forest products.
Meanwhile, the term of afforestation is the process of restoring and recreating areas of woodlands or forests of non-forest land. The term re-afforestation is used to distinguish between the original forest cover and the later re-growth of forest to an area. Forestation is the establishment of forest growth on areas that either had forest or lacked it
Why is reforestation needed ?
What is reforestation ?
Reforestation involves the replanting or regeneration of areas of forest which have previously been damaged or destroyed. Sometimes forests are able to regenerate naturally if sufficient trees remain nearby and seeds can be dispersed into the deforested areas via animals or wind. However, areas of forest which have been severely degraded are unlikely to be able to regenerate naturally and need to be replanted by hand using native tree species.
Why is reforestation needed ?
Reforestation is needed because huge areas of forest are being damaged or destroyed around the world on a daily basis. Some estimates suggest that an area of forest equivalent in size to 36 football pitches is lost every minute. This deforestation has a number of causes, including fires, the clearing of land to make way for agriculture or human settlement, logging and climate change.
Forests are very important for a number of reasons and deforestation is a serious problem which affects us all. As well as being home to a huge and diverse range of animal and plant species, forests provide livelihoods for a vast number of people around the world and are a source of paper, timber, food and the ingredients of many other products, such as medicines and cosmetics. Forests are also vital for the health of our planet, maintaining the water cycle, preventing soil erosion and absorbing and storing enormous amounts of carbon dioxide which helps to limit the effects of climate change.
In order to tackle deforestation there are a number of organisations around the world that aim to replant trees and help to regenerate and restore forest habitats.
The Lombok Forest– a case study
The Rinjani Forest is home to a wealth of wildlife, including 104 species found nowhere else on earth. Rinjani Forest is actually in far greater danger and is considered one of the most threatened ecosystems in the world.